# Solution: 2017-17 An infimum

For an integer $$n \geq 3$$, evaluate
$\inf \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n \frac{x_i^2}{(1-x_i)^2} \right\},$
where the infimum is taken over all $$n$$-tuple of real numbers $$x_1, x_2, \dots, x_n \neq 1$$ satisfying that $$x_1 x_2 \dots x_n = 1$$.

The best solution was submitted by Choi, Daebeom (최대범, 수리과학과 2016학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2017-17.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 국윤범 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 김태균 (수리과학과 2016학번, +3), 장기정 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3), Huy Tung Nguyen (수리과학과 2016학번, +3), 김기택 (수리과학과 2015학번, +2), 유찬진 (수리과학과 2015학번, +2), 윤준기 (전기및전자공학부 2014학번, +2), 이본우 (2017학번, +2). One incorrect solution was received.

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# Solution: 2017-16 Finding a rectangle

Is it possible to color all lattice points ($$\mathbb Z\times \mathbb Z$$) in the plane into two colors such that if four distinct points $$(a,b), (a+c,b), (a,b+d), (a+c,b+d)$$ have the same color, then $$d/c\notin \{1,2,3,4,6\}$$?

The best solution was submitted by Choi, Daebeom (최대범, 수리과학과 2016학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2017-16.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 국윤범 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 김태균 (수리과학과 2016학번, +3), 유찬진 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 이수환 (수리과학과 2011학번, +3), 이재우 (함양고등학교 2학년, +3), 장기정 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3), Dung Nguyen (전산학부 2015학번, +3), Huy Tung Nguyen (수리과학과 2016학번, +3).

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# Solution: 2017-13 Infinite series with recurrence relation

Let $$a_0 = a_1 =1$$ and $$a_n = n a_{n-1} + (n-1) a_{n-2}$$ for $$n \geq 2$$. Find the value of
$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} (-1)^n \frac{n!}{a_n a_{n+1}}.$

The best solution was submitted by Choi, Daebeom (최대범, 수리과학과 2016학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2017-13.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 국윤범 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 김동률 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 김태균 (수리과학과 2016학번, +3), 유찬진 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 윤준기 (전기및전자공학부 2014학번, +3), 이본우 (2017학번, +3), 이태영 (수리과학과 2013학번, +3), 장기정 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3, solution), 조태혁 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3, solution), 최인혁 (물리학과 2015학번, +3), Huy Tung Nguyen (수리과학과 2016학번, +3), 김기택 (수리과학과 2015학번, +2), 이재우 (함양고등학교 2학년, +2), 정의현 (수리과학과 2015학번, +2).

GD Star Rating # Concluding 2017 Spring

Thanks all for participating POW actively. Here’s the list of winners:

1st prize (Gold): Jo, Tae Hyouk (조태혁, 수리과학과 2014학번)
2nd prize (Silver): Huy Tùng Nguyễn (수리과학과 2016학번)
2nd prize (Silver): 최대범 (수리과학과 2016학번)
2nd prize (Silver): Lee, Bonwoo (이본우, 2017학번)
3rd prize (Bronze): Jang, Kijoung (장기정, 수리과학과 2014학번)

조태혁 (수리과학과 2014학번) 36/40
Huy Tung Nguyen (2016학번) 35/40
최대범 (수리과학과 2016학번) 31/40
이본우 (2017학번) 30/40
장기정 (수리과학과 2014학번) 26/40
위성군 (수리과학과 2015학번) 25/40
최인혁 (물리학과 2015학번) 25/40
오동우 (수리과학과 2015학번) 24/40
김태균 (수리과학과 2016학번) 20/40
Ivan Adrian Koswara (전산학부 2013학번) 12/40
강한필 (2016학번) 9/40
유찬진 (수리과학과 2015학번) 4/40
채지석 (2016학번) 3/40
곽상훈 (수리과학과 2013학번) 3/40
김재현 (수리과학과 2016학번) 3/40
이정환 (수리과학과 2015학번) 3/40
이준호 (2016학번) 3/40
홍혁표 (수리과학과 2013학번) 3/40
이태영 (수리과학과 2013학번) 2/40

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# Solution: 2016-17 Integral with two variables

Set $L(z,w)=\int_{-2}^2\int_{-2}^2 ( \log(z-x)-\log(z-y))( \log(w-x)-\log(w-y))Q(x,y) dx dy,$
for $$z,w\in \mathbb{C}\setminus(-\infty, 2]$$, where $Q(x,y)= \frac{4-xy}{(x-y)^2\sqrt{4-x^2}\sqrt{4-y^2}}.$
Prove that $L(z,w)=2\pi^2 \log \left[ \frac{(z+R(z))(w+R(w))}{2(zw-4+R(z)R(w))} \right],$
where $$R(z)=\sqrt{z^2-4}$$ with branch cut $$[-2,2]$$.

The best solution was submitted by Choi, Daebeom (최대범, 2016학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2016-17. (There are a few typos.)

No alternative solutions were submitted.

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