For \(n\ge 1\), let \(f(x)=x^n+\sum_{k=0}^{n-1} a_k x^k \) be a polynomial with real coefficients. Prove that if \(f(x)>0\) for all \(x\in [-2,2]\), then \(f(x)\ge 4\) for some \(x\in [-2,2]\).

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For \(n\ge 1\), let \(f(x)=x^n+\sum_{k=0}^{n-1} a_k x^k \) be a polynomial with real coefficients. Prove that if \(f(x)>0\) for all \(x\in [-2,2]\), then \(f(x)\ge 4\) for some \(x\in [-2,2]\).

Let \[p(x)=x^n+x^{n-1}+a_{n-2}x^{n-2}+\cdots+a_1 x_1 + a_0\] be a polynomial. Prove that if \(p(z)=0\) for a complex number \(z\), then \[ |z| \le 1+ \sqrt{\max (|a_0|,|a_1|,|a_2|,\ldots,|a_{n-2}|)}.\]

Find all polynomials \( P(x) = a_n x^n + \cdots + a_1 x + a_0 \) satisfying (i) \( a_n \neq 0 \), (ii) \( (a_0, a_1, \cdots, a_n) \) is a permutation of \( (0, 1, \cdots, n) \), and (iii) all zeros of \( P(x) \) are rational.

Determine all polynomials \( P(z) \) with integer coefficients such that, for any complex number \( z \) with \( |z| = 1 \), \( | P(z) | \leq 2 \).

Let \( p \) be a prime number. Let \( S_p \) be the set of all positive integers \( n \) satisfying

\[

x^n – 1 = (x^p – x + 1) f(x) + p g(x)

\]

for some polynomials \( f \) and \( g \) with integer coefficients. Find all \( p \) for which \( p^p -1 \) is the minimum of \( S_p \).

Find all n≥2 such that the polynomial x^{n}-x^{n-1}-x^{n-2}-…-x-1 is irreducible over the rationals.

Let *n*>2. Let *f *(*x*) be a degree-*n* polynomial with real coefficients. If *f *(*x*) has *n* distinct real zeros r_{1}<r_{2}<…<r_{n}, then Rolle’s theorem implies that the largest real zero *q* of *f´*(x) is between r_{n-1} and r_{n}. Prove that *q*>(r_{n-1}+r_{n})/2.