Monthly Archives: April 2016

Solution: 2016-6 Convex function

Suppose that \( f \) is a real-valued convex function on \( \mathbb{R} \). Prove that the function \( X \mapsto \mathrm{Tr } f(X) \) on the vector space of \( N \times N \) Hermitian matrices is convex.

The best solution was submitted by Kook, Yun Bum (국윤범, 수리과학과 2015학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2016-6.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 이종원 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3), 이준호 (2016학번, +3), 장기정 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3), 유현우 (한양대학교 화학공학과 2013학번, +3), 이시우 (포항공대 수학과 2013학번, +3).

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Solution: 2016-4 Distances in a tree

Let \(T\) be a tree on \(n\) vertices \(V=\{1,2,\ldots,n\}\). For two vertices \(i\) and \(j\), let \(d_{ij}\) be the distance between \(i\) and \(j\), that is the number of edges in the unique path from \(i\) to \(j\). Let \(D_T(x)=(x^{d_{ij}})_{i,j\in V}\) be the \(n\times n\) matrix. Prove that \[ \det (D_T(x))=(1-x^2)^{n-1}.\]

The best solution was submitted by Kim, Kee Tack (김기택, 수리과학과 2015학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2016-4.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 강한필 (2016학번, +3), 국윤범 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 김강식 (포항공대 수학과 2013학번, +3), 김경석 (연세대학교 의예과 2016학번, +3), 김동률 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 김재현 (2016학번, +3), 박기연 (2016학번, +3), 송교범 (서대전고등학교 3학년, +3), 이시우 (포항공대 수학과 2013학번, +3), 이종원 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3), 이준호 (2016학번, +3), 장기정 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3), 조태혁 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3), Muhammaadfiruz Hasanov (2014학번, +3), 김동규 (수리과학과 2015학번, +2), 김홍규 (수리과학과 2011학번, +2), 배형진 (마포고등학교 2학년, +2), 어수강 (서울대학교 수학교육과 박사과정, +2), 유찬진 (수리과학과 2015학번, +2), 윤준기 (전기및전자공학부 2014학번, +2), 이상민 (수리과학과 2014학번, +2), 이정환 (수리과학과 2015학번, +2).

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2016-5 Partition into 4 sets

Let \(A_1,A_2,\ldots,A_n\) be subsets of \(\{1,2,\ldots,n\}\) such that \(i\notin A_i\) for all \(i\). Prove that there exist four sets \(C_1,C_2,C_3,C_4\) such that \(C_1\cup C_2\cup C_3\cup C_4=\{1,2,\ldots,n\} \) and for all \(i\) and \(j\), if \(i\in C_j\), then \( \lvert A_i\cap C_j\rvert \le \frac12 \lvert A_i\rvert\).

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