There will be no POW this week due to 추석 (thanksgiving) break. POW will resume next week.

**GD Star Rating**

*loading...*

There will be no POW this week due to 추석 (thanksgiving) break. POW will resume next week.

Let \(p(z), q(z) \) and \(r(z)\) be polynomials with complex coefficients in the complex plane. Suppose that \(|p(z)| + |q(z)| \leq |r(z)|\) for every \(z\). Show that there exist two complex numbers \( a,b \) such that \(|a|^2 +|b|^2 =1\) and \( a p(z) + bq(z) =0 \) for every \(z\).

The best solution was submitted by 김기수 (KAIST 수리과학과 18학번, +4). Congratulations!

Here is the best solution of problem 2023-15.

Other solutions were submitted by 강지민 (세마고 3학년, +3), 김민서 (KAIST 수리과학과 19학번, +3), 김찬우 (연세대학교 수학과 22학번, +3), 박기윤 (KAIST 새내기과정학부 23학번, +3), 신민서 (KAIST 수리과학과 20학번, +3), 여인영 (KAIST 물리학과 20학번, +3),이도현 (KAIST 수리과학과 석박통합과정 23학번, +3), 이명규 (KAIST 전산학부 20학번, +3), 조현준 (KAIST 수리과학과 22학번, +3), 지은성 (KAIST 수리과학과 20학번, +3), 최민규 (한양대학교 의과대학 졸업생, +3), 채지석 (KAIST 수리과학과 석박통합과정 21학번, +3), Anar Rzayev (KAIST 전산학부 19학번, +3), Muhammadfiruz Hasanov (+3).

Define the sequence \( x_n \) by \( x_1 = 0 \) and

\[

x_n = x_{\lfloor n/2 \rfloor} + (-1)^{n(n+1)/2}

\]

for \( n \geq 2\). Find the number of \( n \leq 2023 \) such that \( x_n = 0 \).

Let \(f(t)=(t^{pq}-1)(t-1) \) and \(g(t)=(t^{p}-1)(t^q-1) \) where \(p\) and \(q\) are relatively prime positive integers. Prove that \(\frac{f(t)}{g(t)}\) can be written as a polynomial where it has just \(1\) or \(-1\) as coefficients. (For example, when \(p=2\) and \(q=3\), we have that \(\frac{f(t)}{g(t)} = t^2-t+1\).)

The best solution was submitted by 김준홍 (KAIST 수리과학과 20학번, +4). Congratulations!

Here is the best solution of problem 2023-14.

Other solutions were submitted by 강지민 (세마고 3학년, +3), 김기수 (KAIST 수리과학과 18학번, +3), 김민서 (KAIST 수리과학과 19학번, +3), 김찬우 (연세대학교 수학과 22학번, +3), 이도현 (KAIST 수리과학과 석박통합과정 23학번, +3), 이명규 (KAIST 전산학부 20학번, +3), 전해구 (KAIST 기계공학과 졸업생, +3), 조현준 (KAIST 수리과학과 22학번, +4), 지은성 (KAIST 수리과학과 20학번, +3), 채지석 (KAIST 수리과학과 석박통합과정 21학번, +3), Anar Rzayev (KAIST 전산학부 19학번, +3). Muhammadfiruz Hasanov (+3).

Let \(p(z), q(z) \)and \(r(z)\) be polynomials with complex coefficients in the complex plane. Suppose that \(|p(z)| + |q(z)| \leq |r(z)|\) for every \(z\). Show that there exist two complex numbers \( a,b \) such that \(|a|^2 +|b|^2 =1\) and \( a p(z) + bq(z) =0 \) for every \(z\).

Prove or disprove the existence of a function \( f:[0, 1] \to [0, 1] \) with the following property:

for any interval \( (a, b) \subset [0, 1] \) with \( a<b \), \( f((a, b)) = [0, 1] \).

The best solution was submitted by 조현준 (KAIST 수리과학과 22학번, +4). Congratulations!

Here is the best solution of problem 2023-13.

Other solutions were submitted by 김기수 (KAIST 수리과학과 18학번, +3), 김민서 (KAIST 수리과학과 19학번, +3), 김찬우 (연세대학교 수학과 22학번, +3), 박기윤 (KAIST 새내기과정학부 23학번, +3), 박준성 (KAIST 수리과학과 석박통합과정 22학번, +3), 오동언 (서울대학교 의과대학 19하번, +3), 이도현 (KAIST 수리과학과 석박통합과정 23학번, +3), 지은성 (KAIST 수리과학과 20학번, +3), Eun U (+3), 채지석 (KAIST 수리과학과 석박통합과정 21학번, +2), 이명규 (KAIST 전산학부 20학번, +2), Anar Rzayev (KAIST 전산학부 19학번, +2). There were incorrect solutions.

Let \(f(t)=(t^{pq}-1)(t-1) \) and \(g(t)=(t^{p}-1)(t^q-1) \) where \(p\) and \(q\) are relatively prime positive integers. Prove that \(\frac{f(t)}{g(t)}\) can be written as a polynomial where it has just \(1\) or \(-1\) as coefficients. (For example, when \(p=2\) and \(q=3\), we have that \(\frac{f(t)}{g(t)} = t^2-t+1\).)

Prove or disprove the existence of a function \( f:[0, 1] \to [0, 1] \) with the following property:

for any interval \( (a, b) \subset [0, 1] \) with \( a<b \), \( f((a, b)) = [0, 1] \).