Let \(a_1=0\), \(a_{2n+1}=a_{2n}=n-a_n\). Prove that there exists k such that \(\lvert a_k- \frac{k}{3}\rvert >2010\) and yet \(\lim_{n\to \infty} \frac{a_n}{n}=\frac13\).

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Let \(a_1=0\), \(a_{2n+1}=a_{2n}=n-a_n\). Prove that there exists k such that \(\lvert a_k- \frac{k}{3}\rvert >2010\) and yet \(\lim_{n\to \infty} \frac{a_n}{n}=\frac13\).

Let X be a finite set of points on the plane such that each point in X is colored with red or blue and there is no line having all points in X. Prove that there is a line L having at least two points of X such that all points in L∩X have the same color.

The best solution was submitted by Minjae Park (박민재), 한국과학영재학교 (KSA). Congratulations!

Here is his Solution of Problem 2010-20.

Suppose that \(V\) is a vector space of dimension \(n>0\) over a field of characterstic \(p\neq 0\). Let \(A: V\to V\) be an affine transformation. Prove that there exist \(u\in V\) and \(1\le k\le np\) such that \[A^k u = u.\]

The best solution was submitted by Chiheon Kim (김치헌), 수리과학과 2006학번. Congratulations!

Here is his Solution of Problem 2010-19.

An alternative solution was submitted by 박민재 (KSA-한국과학영재학교, +3).

Let X be a finite set of points on the plane such that each point in X is colored with red or blue and there is no line having all points in X. Prove that there is a line L having at least two points of X such that all points in L∩X have the same color.

Suppose that \(V\) is a vector space of dimension \(n>0\) over a field of characterstic \(p\neq 0\). Let \(A: V\to V\) be an affine transformation. Prove that there exist \(u\in V\) and \(1\le k\le np\) such that \[A^k u = u.\]

Let f be a differentiable function. Prove that if \(\lim_{x\to\infty} (f(x)+f'(x))=1\), then \(\lim_{x\to\infty} f(x)=1\).

The best solution was submitted by Chiheon Kim (김치헌), 수리과학과 2006학번. Congratulations!

Here is his Solution of Problem 2010-18.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 정성구 (수리과학과 2007학번, +3), 서기원 (수리과학과 2009학번, +3), 심규석 (수리과학과 2007학번, +3), 진우영 (KSA-한국과학영재학교, +3), 박민재 (KSA-한국과학영재학교, +2), 한대진 (?, +2), 문정원 (성균관대학교 수학교육과, +2).

Let f be a differentiable function. Prove that if \(\lim_{x\to\infty} (f(x)+f'(x))=1\), then \(\lim_{x\to\infty} f(x)=1\).

Let A, B be Hermitian matrices. Prove that tr(A

^{2}B^{2}) ≥ tr((AB)^{2}).

The best solution was submitted by Jeong, Jinmyeong (정진명), 수리과학과 2007학번. Congratulations!

Here is his Solution of Problem 2010-17.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 정성구 (수리과학과 2007학번, +3), 김치헌 (수리과학과 2006학번, +3), 박민재 (KSA-한국과학영재학교, +3).