Does there exist a (possibly \(n\)-dependent) constant \( C \) such that

\[

\frac{C}{a_n} \sum_{1 \leq i < j \leq n} (a_i-a_j)^2 \leq \frac{a_1+ \dots + a_n}{n} – \sqrt[n]{a_1 \dots a_n} \leq \frac{C}{a_1} \sum_{1 \leq i < j \leq n} (a_i-a_j)^2

\]

for any \( 0 < a_1 \leq a_2 \leq \dots \leq a_n \)?

The best solution was submitted by Jiseok Chae (채지석, 수리과학과 2016학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2018-21.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 하석민 (수리과학과 2017학번, +3),

이본우 (수리과학과 2017학번, +2). One incorrect submission was received.

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