Solution: 2016-23 Inequality on complex numbers

Suppose that \( z_1, z_2, \dots, z_n \) are complex numbers satisfying \( \sum_{k=1}^n z_k = 0 \). Prove that
\sum_{k=1}^n |z_{k+1} – z_k|^2 \geq 4 \sin^2 \left( \frac{\pi}{n} \right) \sum_{k=1}^n |z_k|^2,
where we let \( z_{n+1} = z_1 \).

The best solution was submitted by Kim, Taegyun (김태균, 2016학번). Congratulations!

Here is his solution of problem 2016-23.

Alternative solutions were submitted by 신준형 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 장기정 (수리과학과 2014학번, +3, alternative solution), 국윤범 (수리과학과 2015학번, +3), 김기현 (수리과학과 대학원생, +3, alternative solution), 이상민 (수리과학과 2014학번, +2). One incorrect solution was submitted.

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