Let \( f: [0, \infty) \to \mathbb{R} \) be a function satisfying the following conditions:

(1) For any \( x, y \geq 0 \), \( f(x+y) \geq f(x)+f(y) \).

(2) For any \( x \in [0, 2] \), \( f(x) \geq x^2 – x \).

Prove that, for any positive integer \( M \) and positive reals \( n_1, n_2, \cdots, n_M \) with \( n_1 + n_2 + \cdots + n_M = M \), we have

\[ f(n_1) + f(n_2) + \cdots + f(n_M) \geq 0. \]

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2014-03 Subadditive function, 2.9 out of 5 based on 19 ratings

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JKJit seems to have a contradiction.

F(x)= x^2-x satisfies the all condition but f(1/2)<0.

Ji Oon LeePost authorThank you for the comment. There was a missing condition.