Various plasma phenomena will be discussed using a fundamentalfluid model for plasmas, called the Euler-Poisson system. These include plasma sheaths and plasma soliton. First we will briefly introduce recent results on the stability of plasma sheath solutions, and the quasi-neutral limit of the Euler-Poisson system in the presence of plasma sheaths. Another example of ourinterest is plasma solitary waves, for which we discuss existence, stability, and the time-asymptotic behavior. To study the nonlinear stability of solitary waves, the global existence of smooth solutions must be established, which is completelyopen. As a negative answer for global existence, we look into the finite-time blow-up results for the Euler-Poisson system, and discuss the related open questions.
In this talk, we propose the Landau-Lifshitz type system augmented with Chern-Simons gauge terms, which can be considered as the geometric analog of so-called the Chern-Simons-Schrodinger equations. We first derive its self-dual equations through the energy minimization so that we can provide $N$-equivariant solitons. We next deliver basic ideas of constructing $N$-equivariant solitary waves for non-self-dual cases and investigating their qualitative properties.