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구글 Calendar나 iPhone 등에서 구독하면 세미나 시작 전에 알림을 받을 수 있습니다.

SATNet is a differentiable constraint solver with a custom backpropagation algorithm, which can be used as a layer in a deep-learning system. It is a promising proposal for bridging deep learning and logical reasoning. In fact, SATNet has been successfully applied to learn, among others, the rules of a complex logical puzzle, such as Sudoku, just from input and output pairs where inputs are given as images. In this paper, we show how to improve the learning of SATNet by exploiting symmetries in the target rules of a given but unknown logical puzzle or more generally a logical formula. We present SymSATNet, a variant of SATNet that translates the given symmetries of the target rules to a condition on the parameters of SATNet and requires that the parameters should have a particular parametric form that guarantees the condition. The requirement dramatically reduces the number of parameters to learn for the rules with enough symmetries, and makes the parameter learning of SymSATNet much easier than that of SATNet. We also describe a technique for automatically discovering symmetries of the target rules from examples. Our experiments with Sudoku and Rubik’s cube show the substantial improvement of SymSATNet over the baseline SATNet. This is joint work with Sangho Lim and Eungyeol Oh.
Host: Sang-il Oum     영어     2022-05-24 17:35:34
We shall give an explicit estimate of the lower bound of the Bergman kernel associated to a positive line bundle. In the compact Riemann surface case, our result can be seen as an explicit version of Tian’s partial C0-estimate.
https://zoom.us/j/98194255942?pwd=cWpLM0c1T2U2OG9MR0VJNHpOTFBrdz09 아이디: 981 9425 5942 비밀번호: 373452
영어     2022-05-16 13:08:57
I will introduce mathematical and computational methods for spatio-temporal modelling in molecular and cell biology, including all-atom and coarse-grained molecular dynamics (MD), Brownian dynamics (BD), stochastic reaction-diffusion models and macroscopic mean-field equations. Microscopic (BD, MD) models are based on the simulation of trajectories of individual molecules and their localized interactions (for example, reactions). Mesoscopic (lattice-based) stochastic reaction-diffusion approaches divide the computational domain into a finite number of compartments and simulate the time evolution of the numbers of molecules in each compartment, while macroscopic models are often written in terms of mean-field reaction-diffusion partial differential equations for spatially varying concentrations.
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     영어     2022-02-24 10:26:56
I will discuss the development, analysis and applications of multi-resolution methods for spatio-temporal modelling of intracellular processes, which use (detailed) Brownian dynamics or molecular dynamics simulations in localized regions of particular interest (in which accuracy and microscopic details are important) and a (less-detailed) coarser model in other regions in which accuracy may be traded for simulation efficiency. I will discuss the error analysis and convergence properties of the developed multi-resolution methods, their software implementation and applications of these multiscale methodologies to modelling of intracellular calcium dynamics, actin dynamics and DNA dynamics. I will also discuss the development of multiscale methods which couple molecular dynamics and coarser stochastic models in the same dynamic simulation.
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     미정     2022-02-24 10:32:19
Hadwiger’s transversal theorem gives necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a line transversal to a family of pairwise disjoint convex sets in the plane. These conditions were subsequently generalized to hyperplane transversals in R d by Goodman, Pollack, and Wenger. Here we establish a colorful extension of their theorem, which proves a conjecture of Arocha, Bracho, and Montejano. The proof uses topological methods, in particular the Borsuk-Ulam theorem. The same methods also allow us to generalize some colorful transversal theorems of Montejano and Karasev.
Host: Sang-il Oum     미정     2022-05-07 11:23:10
The idea of balance between excitation and inhibition is central in the theory of biological neural networks. I will give a brief introduction to the concept of such balance, and an overview of the mathematical ideas that can be used to study it.
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     영어     2022-02-24 10:22:08
I will first describe how to extend the theory of balanced networks to account for synaptic plasticity. This theory can be used to show when a plastic network will maintain balance, and when it will be driven into an unbalanced state. I will next discuss how this approach provides evidence for a novel form of rapid compensatory inhibitory plasticity. Experimental evidence for such plasticity comes from optogenetic activation of excitatory neurons in primate visual cortex (area V1) which induces a population-wide dynamic reduction in the strength of neuronal interactions over the timescale of minutes during the awake state, but not during rest. I will shift gears in the final part of the talk, and discuss how community detection algorithms can help uncover the large scale organization of neuronal networks from connectome data.
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     영어     2022-02-24 10:23:17
A subset V of a domain Ω has the extension property if for every holomorphic function p on V there is a bounded holomorphic function φ on Ω that agrees with p on V and whose sup-norm on Ω equals the sup-norm of p on V. Within the talk, we shall study mutual relations between extension property and interpolations problems.
Zoom link https://zoom.us/j/95969402165?pwd=MUhVTUQ5azZSOW1EdkRMMFRVM1R4QT09 ID: 959 6940 2165 PW: 962685
영어     2022-05-10 16:21:00
The upper tail problem for subgraph counts in the Erdos-Renyi graph, introduced by Janson-Ruciński, has attracted a lot of attention. There is a class of Gibbs measures associated with subgraph counts, called exponential random graph model (ERGM). Despite its importance, lots of fundamental questions have remained unanswered owing to the lack of exact solvability. In this talk, I will talk about a brief overview on the upper tail problem and the concentration of measure results for the ERGM. Joint work with Shirshendu Ganguly and Ella Hiesmayr.
Host: Hong Liu     영어     2022-04-26 11:28:47
We investigate in depth the behaviour of Monge-Ampère volumes of quasi-psh functions on a given compact hermitian manifold. We prove that the property for these Monge-Ampère volumes to stay bounded away from zero or infinity is a bimeromorphic invariant. We show in particular that a conjecture of Demailly-Paun holds true if and only if such Monge-Ampère volumes stay bounded away from infinity. This is a joint work with Vincent Guedj.
Zoom link https://zoom.us/j/95121528401?pwd=SXd2bnVFNW1veEJEZUJuNUhVaUdJZz09 ID: 951 2152 8401 PW: 641513
영어     2022-05-02 08:43:11
In this talk, we introduce homomorphisms between binary matroids that generalize graph homomorphisms. For a binary matroid $N$, we prove a complexity dichotomy for the problem $\rm{Hom}_\mathbb{M}(N)$ of deciding if a binary matroid $M$ admits a homomorphism to $N$. The problem is polynomial-time solvable if $N$ has a loop or has no circuits of odd length, and is otherwise $\rm{NP}$-complete. We also get dichotomies for the list, extension, and retraction versions of the problem. This is joint work with Hyobin Kim and Mark Siggers at Kyungpook National University.
Host: Sang-il Oum     영어     2022-04-26 11:27:23
Outputs from health biological systems display complex fluctuations that are not random but display robust and often self-similar (fractal) temporal correlations at different time scales— scaling behaviors. The scaling behaviors in the fluctuations of biological outputs such as neural activities, cardiac dynamics, motor activity are believed to be originated from feedbacks within the complex biological networks, reflecting the system adaptability to internal and external inputs. Supporting this concept, our studies have demonstrated a mechanistic link between the scaling regulation of physiological fluctuations and the circadian control system— a result of evolutionary adaptation to daily environmental light-dark cycles on the earth. In this talk, I will discuss certain evidence for this ‘scaling-circadian’ link and its related implications. Moreover, I will review some recent studies, in which we examined how the scaling patterns of human motor activity fluctuations change with aging and in Alzheimer’s disease. Our results showed that (1) alterations in scaling activity patterns occur before the clinical manifestation of Alzheimer’s disease (i.e., cognitive impairment) and predict cognitive decline and the risk for Alzheimer’s dementia; and (2) the progression of Alzheimer’s disease accelerates the aging effect on the scaling activity patterns. Our work provides strong evidence that altered scaling activity patterns may also be a risk factor for neurodegeneration, playing a role in the development and progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     미정     2022-02-24 10:18:55
In this talk, we will discuss a complete classification of proper holomorphic maps from the unit ball in complex two dimensional space into the Cartan’s classical domain of type IV in complex three dimensional space that extend smoothly to some boundary point. This classification (which is a consequence of a classification of CR maps from the 3-sphere into the tube over the future light cone) consists of 4 algebraic maps. Among them, two previously known maps are isometric with respect to the canonical Bergman metrics and two other maps give counterexamples to a recent conjecture of Xiao-Yuan for the case of maps from the complex 2-ball. This is a joint work with Michael Reiter.
Zoom link https://zoom.us/j/91925812463?pwd=bnRWQnhQKzRsV1Q3VnJiRjZFMFVxQT09 ID: 919 2581 2463PW: 958065
영어     2022-04-18 13:48:44
We introduce an odd coloring of a graph, which was introduced very recently, motivated by parity type colorings of graphs. A proper vertex coloring of graph $G$ is said to be odd if for each non-isolated vertex $x \in V (G)$ there exists a color $c$ such that $c$ is used an odd number of times in the neighborhood of $x$. The recent work on this topic will be presented, and the work is based on Eun-Kyung Cho, Ilkyoo Choi, and Hyemin Kown.
Host: Sang-il Oum     영어     2022-03-30 18:39:05
Metastasis and therapy resistance cause over 90% of cancer-related deaths. Despite extensive ongoing efforts, no unique genetic or mutational signature has emerged for metastasis. Instead, the ability of genetically identical cells to adapt reversibly by exhibiting multiple phenotypes (phenotypic/non-genetic heterogeneity) and switch among them (phenotypic plasticity) is proposed as a hallmark of metastasis. Also, drug resistance can emerge from such non-genetic adaptive cellular changes. However, the origins of such non-genetic heterogeneity in most cancers are poorly understood. I will present our findings on a) how non-genetic heterogeneity emerges in a population of cancer, and b) what design principles underlie regulatory networks enabling non-genetic heterogeneity across multiple cancers. Our results unravel how systems-levels approaches integrating mechanistic mathematical modeling with in vitro and in vivo data can identify causes and consequences of such non-genetic heterogeneity.
This talk will be presented online. Zoom link: 997 8258 4700 (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     영어     2022-04-18 18:13:04
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     영어     2022-02-24 10:16:47
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases. Caused by the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the standard regimen for treating TB consists of treatment with multiple antibiotics for at least six months. There are a number of complicating factors that contribute to the need for this long treatment duration and increase the risk of treatment failure. The structure of granulomas, lesions forming in lungs in response to Mtb infection, create heterogeneous antibiotic distributions that limit antibiotic exposure to Mtb. We can use a systems biology approach pairing experimental data from non-human primates with computational modeling to represent and predict how factors impact antibiotic regimen efficacy and granuloma bacterial sterilization. We utilize an agent-based, computational model that simulates granuloma formation, function and treatment, called GranSim. A goal in improving antibiotic treatment for TB is to find regimens that can shorten the time it takes to sterilize granulomas while minimizing the amount of antibiotic required. We also created a whole host model, called HOSTSIM, to study Mtb dynamics within a human host. Overall, we use these models to help better understand TB treatment and strengthen our ability to predict regimens that can improve clinical treatment of TB.
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     영어     2022-02-24 10:17:52
Extension problems through a small singular set appear throughout complex analysis. After a short reminder of some classical results we shall focus on problems of extending (pluri)subharmonic functions. In particular we shall focus on new techniques coming from PDEs that lead to resolutions of several questions in the field. The talk is partially based on joint works with Zywomir Dinew.
https://us06web.zoom.us/j/82764115688?pwd=N2NzWjFDQ2FpQXJnRGdGNnFacnl2Zz09 ID: 827 6411 5688 PW: wrEH3p
영어     2022-04-07 13:07:34
In 1975, Szemerédi proved that for every real number $\delta > 0 $ and every positive integer $k$, there exists a positive integer $N$ such that every subset $A$ of the set $\{1, 2, \cdots, N \}$ with $|A| \geq \delta N$ contains an arithmetic progression of length $k$. There has been a plethora of research related to Szemerédi's theorem in many areas of mathematics. In 1990, Cameron and Erdős proposed a conjecture about counting the number of subsets of the set $\{1,2, \dots, N\}$ which do not contain an arithmetic progression of length $k$. In the talk, we study a natural higher dimensional version of this conjecture, and also introduce recent extremal problems related to Szemerédi's theorem.
Host: Sang-il Oum     영어     2022-03-30 18:34:16
A macroscopic theory for cellular states with steady-growth is presented, based on consistency between cellular growth and molecular replication, together with robustness of phenotypes against perturbations. Adaptive changes in high-dimensional phenotypes are shown to be restricted within a low-dimensional slow manifold, from which a macroscopic law for cellular states is derived, as is confirmed by adaptation experiments of bacteria under stress. The theory is extended to phenotypic evolution, leading to proportionality between phenotypic responses against genetic evolution and by environmental adaptation, which explains the evolutionary fluctuation-response relationship previously uncovered.
This talk will be presented online. ZOOM ID: 997 8258 4700 (Biomedical Mathematics Online Colloquium), (pw: 1234)
Host: Jae Kyoung Kim     영어     2022-02-24 10:15:41