Changhyun Kwon (권창현), On the Price of Satisficing in Network User Equilibria

On the Price of Satisficing in Network User Equilibria
Changhyun Kwon (권창현)
Industrial and Management Systems Engineering, University of South Florida
2017/07/10 Mon 4PM-5PM
When network users are satisficing decision-makers, the resulting traffic pattern attains a satisficing user equilibrium, which may deviate from the (perfectly rational) user equilibrium. In a satisficing user equilibrium traffic pattern, the total system travel time can be worse than in the case of the PRUE. We show how bad the worst-case satisficing user equilibrium traffic pattern can be, compared to the perfectly rational user equilibrium. We call the ratio between the total system travel times of the two traffic patterns the price of satisficing, for which we provide an analytical bound. Using the sensitivity analysis for variational inequalities, we propose a numerical method to quantify the price of satisficing for any given network instance.


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